Sand Casting Process

The sand casting or sand molded casting is a foundry process where reusable Pattern normally made up of wood or similar materials are used for creating the sand mold cavity into which the molten metal are poured to produce the product. The mold is normally made up in two or pieces depending upon the geometry of the component to be casted.

Fig.1: Sand Casting Process

Image source: Wiki

Level of surface finish achieved: 50-12.5 micro meters


–      Low cost setup

–      Waste can be recycled


–      Long cycle time

–      Poor surface finish

–      Chances of defects are high

Ideal applications: Suitable for less intricate, simple, loose toleranced components made up of different metals like steel, cast iron, aluminum, brass.

Shibashis Ghosh

Hi, I am Shibashis, a blogger by passion and engineer by profession. I have written most of the articles for For more than a decades i am closely associated with the engineering design/manufacturing simulation technologies.
Disclaimer: I work for Altair. is my personal blog. Although i have tried to put my neutral opinion while writing about different competitor's technologies, still i would like you to read the articles by keeping my background in mind.

One Reply to “Sand Casting Process”

  1. I remember hearing that there is something that can be applied to the negative to allow the sand to more easily come loose…. wax or cooking oil? not sure if I missed it, but what additive is used to facilitate the mould hardening?

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