# Example of Concrete Anchor Bolt Design Calculation – Part-3: Determining Pullout Strength of Anchor in Tension

Please refer the problem statement and the part-1, part-2 of this cast in place concrete anchor bolt design calculation example so that you will be in phase with this part (part-3) of the calculation. Here we will calculate the pull out strength of the concrete anchor according to the ACI 318 Appendix D codes.

What is Anchor Pullout Strength?

As the name suggests, it is the force required to uproot a anchor out of the concrete.

Calculation

According to ACI codes, the pull out strength of the group of anchors is given by

φNpn=8nψc,PAbrgf’c…………………………………..D-14

Where,
Φ – Strength reduction factor for pull out strength and its value for non-reinforcement in tension is 0.70
ψc,P – Modification factor for pullout strength based on the presence of concrete cracks, for the concrete with cracks at service load level ψc,P=1.

n – Number of anchor bolts, in our case n=4.

Abrg – Net bearing area of the head of anchor bolt in square inch, in our case Abrg=0.654 Square inch.

f’c – The concrete’s specified compressive strength in psi, in our case f’c=4000 psi.

So, by putting all the values in D-14, we get the pullout strength of the anchor group as

φNpn =0.7*8*4*1*0.654*4000 lb

= 58598.4 lb

In the next part (Part-4) of the foundation anchor bolt design calculation example, we will discuss about calculating the concrete blow out strength in tension.

### Shibashis Ghosh

Hi, I am Shibashis, a blogger by passion and engineer by profession. I have written most of the articles for mechGuru.com. For more than a decades i am closely associated with the engineering design/manufacturing simulation technologies.
Disclaimer: I work for Altair. mechGuru.com is my personal blog. Although i have tried to put my neutral opinion while writing about different competitor's technologies, still i would like you to read the articles by keeping my background in mind.

## 2 Replies to “Example of Concrete Anchor Bolt Design Calculation – Part-3: Determining Pullout Strength of Anchor in Tension”

1. irvin says:

hello sir. say im analyzing the farthest bolt from the centroid. and I have edge distances, and all the edge distances are bigger than the hef. shall we still use the hef value? or Edge Distance/ 1.5. Thanks. iris_irvin19@yahoo.com

1. MechGuru says:

Still you have to consider “hef” rather than “edge distance/1.5” because the base radius of the breakout cone is related the “depth of anchor inside the concrete” or “hef”. Even though your edges are far than “hef” still the base radius of the break out cone will be limited by “1.5*hef” hence you have to consider “hef” and NOT “edge dist./1.5”

Hope it make sense